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Association of TNF-α Promoter Polymorphism and Graves’ disease: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
source: Bioscience Reports
authors: Tu Y, Fan G, Zeng T, Cai X, Kong Wsummary/abstract:
Graves’ disease (GD) is a common autoimmune disorder with a genetic predisposition. Owing to the biological effect of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) on the thyroid gland and its gene location, TNF-α should be able to influence an individual’s susceptibility to GD. In the present study, we conduct a meta-analysis of rs1800629 and rs361525 in TNF-α gene from all eligible case-control studies to assess the associations amongst reported TNF-α gene with GD.
A total of ten case-control studies involving 2790 GD patients and 3472 healthy controls were included. The results showed that a significant association was characterized between the rs1800629 polymorphism and GD in the homozygous model (AA compared with GG: odds ratio (OR) = 1.97, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.27-3.06, P=0.002) and recessive model (AA compared with GA + GG: OR = 1.62, 95% CI = 1.04-2.50, P=0.03). GD susceptibility was significantly detected in European population in all genetic models after ethnicity stratification. In sharp contrast, no significant association could be detected in Asian population.
Next, we conducted a meta-analysis for another promoter SNP rs361525. However, SNP rs361525 did not show a significant association with GD in any genetic model before and after ethnicity stratification. Together, our data support that only the promoter single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1800629 within the TNF-α gene is associated with increased risk for developing GD, especially in European population. Future large-scale studies are required to validate the associations between TNF-α gene and GD.organization: Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China
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