The Fascinating Discoveries Leading to Thyroid Treatment Over the Ages | oneGRAVESvoice

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The Fascinating Discoveries Leading to Thyroid Treatment Over the Ages

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source: The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, EmPowerYourHealth

authors: Alan Wong


While thyroidology, the study of the thyroid gland, may be perceived as a relatively new area of endocrinology specialty, references to the thyroid can be found as far back as the literature of the ancient Greeks.

Thus, the long history of thyroid disease and its treatment is also central to the history of much of the practice of endocrinology in general, particularly in early initial descriptions of its anatomy, physiology and associated pathologies, as well as the more recent identification of its molecular mechanisms of action, which have resulted in the identification and purification of thyroid replacement hormone.

We begin with goiter (enlarged thyroid), named after gutter, which is Latin for “throat.” Goiter has been long identified in iodine-deficient regions such as the mountainous regions of Europe and China and northern India (where it was known as galaganda) and subsequently by various writers including Hippocrates, Pliny and Galen. 


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