source: Ophthalmology and Therapy
Yao Wang, Anu Sharma, Lissa Padnick-Silver, Megan Francis-Sedlak, Robert J. Holt, Colleen Foley, Guy Massry, Raymond S. Douglas
Thyroid eye disease (TED) is an autoimmune disease that causes retro-orbital inflammation and subsequent proptosis, corneal exposure, strabismus, and variable vision changes. European studies have shown that TED can severely impact quality of life (QOL), but little is known about the QOL of patients with TED in the USA. Given that patient QOL influences TED severity classifications and subsequent treatment, understanding physician-perceived patient QOL is extremely important.
This retrospective chart review (conducted in 2018) examined QOL in US patients with moderate-to-severe TED, as reported by treating physicians who regularly manage patients with TED (>= 5 patients in prior 12 months). The physicians graded patients’ overall QOL (7-point Likert scale; 1 = “not at all impaired”, 7 = “extremely impaired”), assessing mental health, vision changes, and ocular structural signs/symptoms. Patient demographics and clinical findings were examined to understand the impact of disease presentation on physician-perceived QOL.
Medical record data of 714 US patients with moderate-to-severe TED were provided by 181 physicians (73 endocrinologists, 108 ophthalmologists). Patients had a mean age of 49.4 (standard deviation [SD] 13.6) years, and 102 cases (14%) were severe. Anxiety and/or depression was reported in 36% of patients (an increase from the 18.9% prevalence reported for the USA in 2017 by the US National Institute of Mental Health; P < 0.001). The mean physician-reported QOL impact score was 4.1 (SD 1.5). Furthermore, 62 and 89% of patients with moderate and severe TED, respectively, had a high physician-perceived QOL impact (>= 4). The higher QOL impact group had significantly higher rates of pain symptoms, visual disturbances (including diplopia), and orbito-facial structural changes. Higher disease activity and severity were associated with lower physician-perceived QOL.
Patients’ QOL, as evaluated by US physicians, is highly impacted by the activity and severity of TED. Additionally, mental health issues were more frequently reported by patients with TED than in the general US population. Ocular pain, strabismus, and diplopia appear to be main drivers of physician-perceived QOL impairment in this sample of US patients with TED.
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, USA; University of Utah School of Medicine, USA; Horizon Therapeutics PLC, USA
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