Racial Disparities in Surgical Outcomes for Benign Thyroid Disease | oneGRAVESvoice

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Scientific Articles

Racial Disparities in Surgical Outcomes for Benign Thyroid Disease

key information

source: The American Journal of Surgery

year: 2020

authors: Maduka RC, Gibson CE, Chiu AS, Jean RA, Wills-Johnson N, Azar SA, Oliveira K, Ahuja V

summary/abstract:

Introduction: Previous studies have shown racial disparities in surgical outcomes in malignant thyroid disease. We hypothesize that minority groups have a higher incidence of postoperative complications following surgery for benign thyroid disease.

Methods: Using NSQIP (2016-2017), patients (>17 years) undergoing thyroid surgery for benign disease were identified. Outcomes included neck hematoma, recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury, and hypocalcemia. Multivariate analysis was performed controlling for patient factors.

Results: 6817 patients were identified. Postoperative outcomes were neck hematoma (2.0%), RLN injury (5.2%), and significant hypocalcemia (4.9%). Compared to White patients, Black patients had higher chance of neck hematoma (OR 2.32, 95% CI 1.51-3.55) and RLN injury (OR 1.97, 95% CI 1.53-2.55) while Asian patients had significantly greater odds of RLN injury (OR 1.88, 95% CI 1.15-3.06).

Conclusion: Minority compared to White patients are more likely to have significant postoperative complications which indicates racial disparities in the surgical treatment for benign thyroid disease.

organization: Yale University School of Medicine, USA

DOI: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2020.06.054