Trusted Resources: Evidence & Education
Scientific literature and patient education texts
Racial Disparities in Surgical Outcomes for Benign Thyroid Disease
source: The American Journal of Surgery
authors: Maduka RC, Gibson CE, Chiu AS, Jean RA, Wills-Johnson N, Azar SA, Oliveira K, Ahuja Vsummary/abstract:
Introduction: Previous studies have shown racial disparities in surgical outcomes in malignant thyroid disease. We hypothesize that minority groups have a higher incidence of postoperative complications following surgery for benign thyroid disease.
Methods: Using NSQIP (2016-2017), patients (>17 years) undergoing thyroid surgery for benign disease were identified. Outcomes included neck hematoma, recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury, and hypocalcemia. Multivariate analysis was performed controlling for patient factors.
Results: 6817 patients were identified. Postoperative outcomes were neck hematoma (2.0%), RLN injury (5.2%), and significant hypocalcemia (4.9%). Compared to White patients, Black patients had higher chance of neck hematoma (OR 2.32, 95% CI 1.51-3.55) and RLN injury (OR 1.97, 95% CI 1.53-2.55) while Asian patients had significantly greater odds of RLN injury (OR 1.88, 95% CI 1.15-3.06).
Conclusion: Minority compared to White patients are more likely to have significant postoperative complications which indicates racial disparities in the surgical treatment for benign thyroid disease.organization: Yale University School of Medicine, USA
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