Goiters and Thyroid Nodules (for Parents)
An enlarged thyroid gland is a lump that can be felt under the skin at the front of the neck. When it’s big enough to see easily, it’s called a goiter. A thyroid nodule is a lump or enlarged area in the thyroid gland.
Thyroid Tests (for Parents)
Thyroid blood tests check thyroid function and can help doctors diagnose thyroid disorders such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
Thyroid Disease (for Parents)
The thyroid gland makes the hormones that help control metabolism and growth. A thyroid that isn’t working properly can cause thyroid disease.
Hypothyroidism and Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis (for Parents)
An underactive thyroid makes too little thyroid hormone, causing hypothyroidism. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, which causes most cases of hypothyroidism in kids and teens, is a condition in which the immune system attacks the thyroid.
Hyperthyroidism and Graves’ Disease (for Parents)
Hyperthyroidism happens when the thyroid gland sends too much thyroid hormone into the blood. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Graves’ disease.
Blood Test: Thyroid Peroxidase Antibodies (for Parents)
The thyroid peroxidase antibodies test is primarily used to help diagnose and monitor autoimmune conditions involving the thyroid gland, including Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and Graves disease.