Thyroid Eye Disease | oneGRAVESvoice

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Thyroid Eye Disease

key information

source: Cleveland Clinic

summary/abstract:

Thyroid eye disease may occur in patients who already know they have thyroid disease, or sometimes it’s the first problem that brings the person to the doctor’s office. The symptoms that occur in thyroid eye disease include dry eyes, watery eyes, red eyes, bulging eyes, a “stare,” double vision, difficulty closing the eyes, and problems with vision.

Research suggests that the cause of thyroid disease and thyroid eye disease is an autoimmune disorder. An imbalance or recognition problem occurs in the immune system. The immune system normally protects our bodies from foreign invaders such as bacteria or viruses, and also protects us from abnormal cells such as cancer. In thyroid eye disease, the immune system sets off an abnormal reaction to the muscles and fatty tissue around the eyes. Although many patients with thyroid eye disease will have abnormal blood tests for thyroid hormone levels, there are some people who get the eye symptoms even though the hormone levels are normal.

 

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