Thyroid Eye Disease and the Role of the TED Specialist | oneGRAVESvoice

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Patient Education

Thyroid Eye Disease and the Role of the TED Specialist

key information

source: Graves' Disease & Thyroid Foundation

year: 2012

authors: Geoffrey J. Gladstone, Frank A. Nesi


Not all people with thyroid disease have problems with their eyes. It is a common enough problem, however, that many people have expressed a desire to have more information about how their thyroid condition is related to their eye problems and what can be done about it.

The eye changes associated with thyroid disease are referred to as Thyroid Related Orbitopathy (TRO). Although TRO is seen in all types of thyroid disorders, it is most common in patients that are or were hyperthyroid. TRO occurs in about 1 out of 20 people that were hyperthyroid. It can also rarely occur in those who are hypothyroid and even when there is an absence of thyroid abnormalities in the body.

Thyroid disease can cause many different eye problems. These include redness and swelling, double vision, decreased vision, eyelid retraction and a protrusion of the eye itself. It is important to realize that if one of these occurs, then it does not mean others will occur.