Examining the Optics of Thyroid Eye Disease - oneGRAVESvoice

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Examining the Optics of Thyroid Eye Disease

key information

source: Endocrine Society

year: N/A


Thyroid eye disease (TED), also known as Graves’ orbitopathy is an autoimmune condition that affects the eye tissue. The most common cause TED is Graves’ disease. 20% of cases occur six months prior to diagnosis. Hyperthyroidism is present in 40% of cases prior to and after diagnosis.

Signs and Symptoms:
Some patients diagnosed with TED may not have any symptoms, but at least half report symptoms:
 • Eyelid retraction is the most common sign
 • Inflammation and swelling of tissue around the eye
 • Dry eyes, itchiness, increased tearing, puffiness around the eyes, redness, double vision, and light sensitivity
 • Severe cases may lead to blindness

Inactive and Active Phases:
Experts use a 7-point clinical activity score to determine if TED is in the active or inactive phases. The 7 points are eye pain, pain with eye movement, eye and eyelid redness, eyelid swelling, chemosis and caruncle edema.

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